Children’s feet may look small and compact, yet they are in fact very complex. There are 35 joints, 26 bones all held together with an intricate network of ligaments, tendons, and muscles.
As children grow and develop from their first steps to being an active teenager, their bodies go through many growth spurts and changes. This can directly impact their feet and lower limbs.
In this bog we are look at common childhood foot related conditions. For more information on children’s feet click here.
Ingrown toenail causes:
- tight footwear
- incorrect cutting
Ingrown nails are red, painful or swollen skin at the corner of the nail. This can progress if untreated to include, pus, odour and fever. Early intervention includes conventional nail care and the removal of the ingrown nail. If infection continues, a simple nail surgery can be conducted that removes the troublesome piece of nail permanently.
Severs Disease (heel pain) occurs usually in active 9-14 years old’s. Severs is characterised by the swelling and irritation of the growth plate in the heel. This is a result of repeated pressure. Learn more about growth plates here.
Symptoms may include:
- pain when pressure is applied to both sides of the heel (pinched)
- redness and swelling
- may toe walk to avoid pressure of the heel area
With proper management, Sever’s usually resolves within a few months and doesn’t cause lasting problems.
oSGOOD- SCHLATTER DISEASE
Osgood-Schlatter Disease (knee pain) is a common cause of knee pain in growing adolescents. It is an inflammation of the area just below the knee where the tendon from the kneecap (patellar tendon) attaches to the shinbone (tibia).
Symptoms often flare up during growth spurts when structures such as bones, tendons and muscles are changing rapidly. It is particularly prevalent in active children due to the additional pressure on the knee. The most common symptoms include knee tenderness and tight hamstring muscles.
In most cases it will resolve with simple measures including a specific stretching and strengthening exercises which can be provided by a podiatrist. This will allow return to daily activities sooner.
Occur as a result of the medial arch (inside) of your foot not developing. This results in the sole of the foot touching the ground. Flat feet is often hereditary, meaning children who have flat feet often have a parent with flat feet.
Common symptoms of flat feet in children include tired and painful feet, often tripping and clumsiness.
If your child is experiencing any of these conditions or symptoms please do not hesitate to contact us.
Words from one our great podiatrists